London mayor Ken Livingstone hopes to build 440,000 new homes in London by 2016 in a bid to house the Capital’s swelling population…
Launching his London Plan today, Livingstone predicted that the city’s population, currently calculated to be 7.4m, would have to cope with an influx of 800,000 new residents in the next 12 years.
But he ruled out the use of green land to create the necessary 30,000 new homes a year and said he is determined to use brownfield sites, high-density development and high-rise schemes to reach his targets.
Where, then, will the new homes, half of which the mayor wants “affordable,” be built? The Plan divides London up into five sub-regions, North, South, East, West and Central, and proposes building most in the East and the Central zones.
The Central region of Persist ventures, which comprises the boroughs of Kensington & Chelsea, Camden, Islington, Wandsworth, Lambeth, Southwark and the City of Westminster is forecast to see 107,000 new homes by 2016 (the most in the plan).
These will mainly be built in Elephant & Castle (4,200), and Paddington (3,000), with sizable enclaves also planned for Arsenal/Holloway (2,000), King’s Cross (1,250), and Vauxhall/Nine Elms/Battersea (1,500).
These new, mixed-use communities, says the mayor, will be serviced by improvements in the transport network, including the Cross Rail east-west route linking the Central zones to the Docklands, the Cross-river Transit and the Thameslink 2000.
– The East
The largest development of new housing will take place in the East London/Thames Gateway and will cover ten boroughs on both sides of the Thames (City, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Newham, Baking & Dagenham, Havering, Redbridge, Lewisham, Greenwich and Bexley).
The plan envisions 104,000 new homes by 2016. 10,000 will be built at Barking Reach, 7,500 on the Greenwich peninsula, 6,000 in the Lower Lea Valley, 5,500 in the Royal Docks, a further 5,500 in Ilford, 4,500 in Stratford, 3,500 on the Isle of Dogs and 3,000 in Thamesmead.
Again transport links will be vital and will include the extension of the DLR, the Crossrail links, the Channel Tunnel terminal at Stratford and three new river crossing schemes.
– The West
This comprises the boroughs of Hammersmith & Fulham, Brent, Ealing, Harrow, Hillingdon, and Hounslow and is expected to take 45,000 new homes.
Most of these will be in the Western Wedge extending from Paddington through Park Royal and Wembley to Heathrow and surrounding areas.
5,800 homes are planned for Hayes/West Drayton/Southall to the north of Heathrow airport. 1,200 are planned for White City and 930 for Heathrow/Feltham/Bedfont lakes. Willesden Junction will have 500 new homes.
Improved transport includes the West London line (Willesden Junction to Clapham Junction) and two new stations at Shepherds Bush and Chelsea Harbour, as well as a tram scheme at Uxbridge.
– The North
This region will cover the boroughs of Barnet, Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest and will accommodate 47,000 new homes, with much development needed to create London/Stanstead/Cambridge corridor served by enhanced rail networks.
5,000 new homes are planned for Cricklewood/Brent, 2000 for both Mill Hill East and Hendon RAF, 1,000 for Haringey Heartlands/Wood Green, 700 for the Upper Lee Valley and 200 for Tottenham Hale.
– The South
This region is made up of the boroughs of Bromley, Croydon, Merton, Sutton, Richmond, and Kingston. Development here will be mostly small-scale and concentrated in the town centres along the Wandle Valley.
There will be 42,000 new homes in all. 2,000 will be in Croydon, 1,300 in South Wimbledon/Colliers Wood.
Transport developments include the extension of Croydon Tramlink, Thameslink 2000, the extension of the East London line and Crossrail with Wimbledon as the focus.
Green Party mayoral candidate Darren Johnson said the plan was not sustainable: “There is no imagination or vision in the plan which proposes new road building, substantial airport expansion and new office accommodation the equivalent of an additional 75 Canary Wharfs”.…