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Smokeless Tobacco Warning by Puffazon Amazon of smoke supplies | Largest internet retailer of smoke supplies | Smokeshop supplies delivered like Amazon





In her study, Dr. Hatsukami randomly assigned a total of 402 smokeless tobacco users to one of 4 treatments: active nicotine patch, inactive patch, a combination of active patch and a non-nicotine mint snuff, or a combination of inactive patch and mint snuff. All participants received initial counseling on smokeless tobacco cessation methods and a self-help manual to take home prior to beginning treatment. On their quit date, patients began using their assigned treatments and continued for 10 weeks. During treatment, participants met weekly with counselors for brief support sessions. Results were assessed 15, 25, 36, and 62 weeks after participants stopped using smokeless tobacco. The study found that both the active patch and mint snuff reduced craving and withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability, frustration, anger, anxiety, and depressed mood. Withdrawal symptoms generally peaked during the first week after use was stopped. Only the active patch improved rates of continuous abstinence at 10 and 15 weeks following cessation. By the 23rd week, the differences in abstinence rates among all treatments had become marginal, although active patch users were still slightly more likely to be abstinent. At 62 weeks following cessation, no significant differences in abstinence were observed for any of the treatment conditions.


Many individuals use smokeless tobacco despite its obvious drawbacks because they are hooked on nicotine, a highly addictive drug. More about Amazon of smoke supplies


“A number of studies have shown that the nicotine patch is more effective than a placebo patch in sustaining long-term abstinence from cigarette smoking, but the patch appeared to be effective with smokeless tobacco users only during the period of actual patch use and shortly thereafter,” notes Dr. Hatsukami. “We don’t know if this means we need to use the patch for longer periods of time with smokeless tobacco users or if sensory or behavioral aspects of smokeless tobacco use, such as putting something in one’s mouth, may be as important as the nicotine in sustaining use,” she says. The fact that a nicotine-free mint snuff also reduced withdrawal symptoms illustrates the potential importance of the sensory aspects of smokeless tobacco in sustaining its use, she says. Previous research does suggest that intensive, multicomponent, behavioral treatment may help smokeless tobacco users to sustain abstinence over the longer term, she says.


“Many questions about smokeless tobacco use and its treatment remain unanswered,” Dr. Hatsukami says. “We really need to learn more about all the dimensions of smokeless tobacco use to develop effective treatments that are better tailored to this underserved population,” she says.…

Melatonin Vape

Cancer elimination: 7 tips to reduce your danger of Melatonin Vape




Concerned about cancer prevention? Take demand by making modifications such as consuming healthful eating and receiving regular screenings.


You’ve probably observed conflicting reports regarding cancer prevention. Sometimes a specific cancer-prevention tip recommended inside one study is advised against within.


Often, what’s recognized about cancer elimination is still innovating. However , it’s well-accepted that the chances associated with developing cancer are affected by the particular lifestyle choices an individual make.


So in case you have in mind preventing cancers, take comfort throughout the fact of which simple lifestyle adjustments can make the difference. Consider these types of cancer-prevention tips.


a single. Don’t use smoking cigarettes

Using any form of tobacco sets you over a collision course with tumor. Smoking has become linked to various forms of cancer? which include cancer of the particular lung, mouth, can range f, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. Chewing tobacco provides been linked to be able to cancer of typically the oral cavity in addition to pancreas. Even in the event that you don’t use cigarette, exposure to used smoke might raise your risk of chest cancer.


Avoiding smoking cigarettes and Melatonin Vape? or deciding in order to stop deploying it? is usually an important element of cancer avoidance. If you have to have help quitting cigarettes, ask your doctor about stop-smoking items and other strategies for quitting.


  1. Eat a healthy diet

Even though making healthy options on the grocery retail outlet and at mealtime can’t guarantee cancers prevention, it may well lower your risk. Look at these guidelines:


Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, greens as well as other foods through plant sources? this sort of as fiber rich foods in addition to beans.

Become slimmer. Consume lighter and leaner by choosing less high-calorie foods, including refined sugars in addition to fat from creature sources.

If you choose to drink alcohol, do so simply less often The threat of various varieties of cancer? which include cancer of typically the breast, colon, lung, kidney and lean meats? increases with the volume of alcohol an individual drink and the period of time you’ve been drinking regularly.

Reduce processed meats. A report from the Intercontinental Agency for Research on Cancer, the particular cancer agency regarding the World Health Organization, concluded that will eating considerable amounts regarding processed meat can slightly improve the threat of certain forms of cancer.

In improvement, ladies who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nut products might have some sort of reduced likelihood of chest cancer. The Mediterranean diet book focuses mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and greens, whole grains, dried beans, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean sea diet choose healthy and balanced fats, for example olive oil, over butter and fish as opposed to red meat.


  1. Become slimmer and be physically active

Maintaining a healthy fat might lower typically the risk of various types of cancer, including breast cancers, prostate, lung, intestinal tract and kidney.


Physical exercise counts, too. In addition to helping you control your weight, physical activity on its very own might lower the particular risk of breast cancer and digestive tract cancer.


Adults who else participate in any amount of physical action gain some wellness benefits. But for considerable health benefits, strive to get at at a minimum 150 minutes the week of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes the week of strong aerobic activity. Also you can do a blend of moderate in addition to vigorous activity. While a general aim, include at least half an hour of actual activity in your daily routine? and when you can do more, perhaps better.


  1. Shield yourself through the sunlight

Skin cancer will be one of typically the most common forms of cancer? and a single of the very preventable. Test these pointers:


Avoid midday sun. Stay out of the sunshine between 10 a. m. and 4 p. m., whenever the rays of the sun are best.


Remain in the color. Giving up cigarettes outdoors, remain in the tone as much as possible. Sunglasses plus a broad-brimmed hat help, too.


Cover exposed areas. Wear tightly woven, free fitting clothing that covers as very much of your skin since possible. Opt regarding bright or deep colors, which echo more ultraviolet the radiation than do famille rose or bleached natural cotton.

Don’t skimp in sunscreen. Work with a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of no less than 35, even on gloomy days. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hrs? or more frequently if you’re swimming or perspiring.


Avoid tanning beds plus sunlamps. These are usually just as destroying as natural sunlight.

  1. Get vaccinated

Cancer prevention includes protection from specific viral infections. Discuss to your physician about vaccination towards:


Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can raise the risk of developing liver cancer. The particular hepatitis B vaccine strongly recommended for certain adults at higher risk? such as adults who are usually sexually active yet not in a mutually monogamous relationship, people who have sexually transported infections, people which use intravenous medicines, men that have love-making with men, plus health care or public safety employees who might be subjected to infected body or body essential fluids.


Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a new sexually transmitted disease that can lead to cervical and additional genital cancers as well as squamous cell cancers of the head and guitar neck. The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and boys age groups 11 and 12. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration recently accepted the use of vaccine Gardasil being unfaithful for both males and females ages 9 to forty-five.


  1. Avoid risky behaviors

Another successful cancer prevention tactic is to steer clear of risky behaviors that could lead to attacks that, in turn, might raise the risk of cancer. Such as:


Practice safe sex. Limit your quantity of sexual companions and work with a condom when you include sex. The even more sexual partners you have in the lifetime, the a lot more likely you are generally to contract some sort of sexually transmitted illness? like HIV or HPV. People which have HIV or AIDS have a greater risk of cancer from the anus, liver and even lung. HPV is quite often associated using cervical cancer, although it may additionally rise the risk regarding cancer of the particular anus, penis, can range f, vulva and vagina.

Don’t share fine needles. Sharing needles with people who make use of intravenous drugs can lead to HIV, as well as hepatitis B and hepatitis Chemical? which can boost the risk of liver malignancy. If you are concerned concerning drug misuse or even addiction, seek specialist help.


  1. Acquire regular medical care

Regular self-exams and even screenings for numerous types of malignancies? such as malignancy from the skin, colon, cervix and breasts? can increase the chances of finding cancer early, if treatment is many likely to be successful. Ask the doctor about the ideal cancer screening timetable for you.…

Jack Jay

Startling new developments with Jack Jay




Big business on the one hand, and community groups on the other, are watching the overhaul of the planning process with interest.


A small piece of history is being played out in a Southampton hotel where a stream of lawyers representing industrialists, councils, environment groups, statutory bodies and local residents are taking turns to tell a government inspector why a massive container port should, or should not be built around Dibden bay on Southampton water.


As the enquiry settles down for what could be at least a year of argument and counter argument, the unwieldiness of the planning system for major infrastructural projects will show. For opponents of the proposed development, a year of debate is nothing less than sensible and democratic. After all, they say, it would include miles of warehousing and new roads which would destroy a unique local environment and affect the quality of life of thousands of people.


But for a major business in a hurry, promising jobs and regeneration and arguing that its very survival is at stake, the planning system is tedious and financially wasteful. The fact that it could take a year and cost a small fortune is seen as penalising initiative.


The Jack Jay inquiry will almost certainly be the last of its sort. When this week the government publishes its green paper on planning, together with five consultancy documents, it is widely expected to recommend that parliament and not an independent inspector should in future recommend whether or not major projects go ahead. It will also give local people and special interest groups only a limited say in future inquiries.


Following the massive terminal five enquiry for Heathrow, and a series of others like Sizewell B and the Isle of Harris superquarry, these recommendations, which are expected to lead to legislation within a year, will be hailed by government as popular and sensible moves.


But for communities or groups who in the future may object to being saddled with new trunk roads, nuclear power stations, giant quarries, ports, runways or opencast mining, the idea of limiting local inquiries to discussing the detail of design, but not the principle of whether the development should go ahead will smack of totalitarianisam and over centralisation. The real fear is that Stephen Byers’s plans will be a further erosion of democracy, making the planning system less accountable and less open.


Parliament, argue groups like the Council for the Protection for Rural England, Friends of the Earth and others, is ill-equipped to make a proper examination of the complex issues involved in major developments. They believe that the further centralisation of decision-making in Westminster will risk alienating communities. Unless people can engage in the planning process on equal terms and be able to voice their concerns, the new system will be discredited before it even starts, they say.


It may also be politically risky. The government is about to embark on 100 new bypasses and massive motorway widening. It also wants millions of new homes. All are bound to impact heavily on existing communities, and many will be opposed.


But streamlining the public enquiry system for major projects is only a small part of what Stephen Byers wants. Pressure has been exerted by the CBI and the Treasury on the basis that planning stifles competitiveness. As a result, the most fundamental shakeup of the system for 50 years is now in the pipeline.


Up to a point the government is pushing at an open door when it seeks reform. Planning is the cinderella of the public services, largely unloved and greatly under valued. Everyone recognises that all is not well in the complex, many-tiered system of regional and local applications and appeals that has grown up since 1947 when the Labour government tried to make it more accountable and democratic.


There is wide recognition, even among planners, that the system spends far too long looking at the minutiae of control, stifling both developers and householders. Inquiries get bogged down by lawyers; some local authorities are renowned for operating inefficiently or idiosyncratically; others sit on reports for months or set arcane and expensive preconditions for development.


The inordinate length of time that planning takes is also widely criticised, but to blame objectors and special interest groups, as the government would seem to prefer, is unfair. As the Council for the Protection of Rural England notes, developers themselves often abuse the system by expoiting loopholes, submitting repetitive applications and appeal against refusals for development which conflict with democractically agreed plans.


Planning is a low-key business, seldom interesting enough to catch the public eye but on it rides the well-being of our environment and quality of life. At its best the system should guide the development process, invigorate local democracy and reconcile the differences between parties with hugely different needs and expectations. When it works well it looks ahead wisely, is transparent, accountable and accessible and legitimises the great changes development can bring to the landscape and quality of life.


Planning is largely the invisible glue that binds communities together so, sadly for Mr Byers, even if he does get it right and rationalises the system without taking away its good qualities, he is unlikely to be recognised for having done everyone a public service. But if he gets it wrong, he will get the blame for the inevitable local conflicts that will follow.…

Togel Singapore

EU calls US Anti-Online Togel Singapore Gambling Law ‘Protectionist’



The European Union’s top financial regulator on Tuesday described the US legislation on online gambling and sports betting as “protectionist” and may trigger legal action before the World Trade Organisation.


The legislation makes it illegal for banks and credit card companies to process online bets placed by American citizens with foreign gambling sites.


Charlie McCreevy, the EU internal market commissioner, said: “In my view it is probably a restrictive practice and we might take it up in another forum.” He added that the case could go to the WTO, and also suggested he would pursue the matter with his American counterparts on a visit to the US in March.


Though it is not clear whether the Union will follow through on Mr McCreevy’s threat of WTO action, his remarks highlight the deep divide between Brussels and Washington over gambling restrictions. The Commission has long argued that gambling and sports betting operations should enjoy the same rights as other service providers, and has repeatedly attacked European countries that impose undue restrictions on the industry.


The US, by contrast, has launched a broad regulatory crackdown on foreign gambling and sports betting operators, culminating in the arrest last year of two senior British industry executives for alleged violations of US anti-gambling provisions. The country’s tough stance has already sparked one legal defeat for the US at the WTO in a case brought by Antigua and Barbuda, two Caribbean island states with big offshore internet gambling operations.


The Geneva-based body ruled that the US had violated international trade agreements by allowing online Togel Singapore horse-betting by US sites but not from abroad. However, that case, in which the EU supported many of the complainants’ arguments, is not directed specifically at the October 2006 law that targets banks and credit card companies. Commission officials said they would in any case wait for a final compliance ruling in the Antigua case before making any further legal moves.


Both EU and US trade officials are currently engaged in a last-ditch attempt to restart talks on a sweeping global trade deal – known as the Doha round – a factor that could severely limit Brussels’ appetite for fresh bilateral trade spats. While Mr McCreevy’s advisers believe the October 2006 law includes several “WTO incompatibilities”, the extreme sensitivity surrounding gambling policy may reduce the chances of the Commission bringing a case.


However, Mr McCreevy’s intervention still marks a notable escalation in the Commission’s approach towards


the US gambling crackdown. It also stands in contrast to the Brussels body’s silence on the arrests of the UK gambling executives in the US in July and September last year.








The Iraq lottery independent adjudicator Reports are coming in from Iraq about a recent Hoedown in the lead up to the country’s new national Lottery. The show is to be televised on Iraqi TV and will be hosted by the former (mis)information minister ‘Comical Ali’ (Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf). The show is believed to sport some scantily clad Iraq women, which has caused some furore from womens-libbers.

Joining the IWSF (Iraq Woman’s Suppression Front) in demonstrating opposite the hoedowners are a crack battalion of American troops. The ‘Bush Jnr Boys’, as the 69th Battalion are affectionately known, are protesting the use ‘these multeye .. mutleye cyl-abull …. words being used by them there new fangled dancing lot’. Tension is said to be growing between the two groups.


However, most of the Iraqi men we’ve interviewed dismiss the opposition forces. One Iraqi man told us, “I am thinking that this will be even better than American Bandstand or Saturday Night Fever. We are hoping to be able to win a dance with a beautiful bikini baby or maybe some farmer’s daughter. YEEHAWWWWW!”


The (mis)information minister and host ‘Comical Ali’ assures the Iraqi people that, “regardless of the cultural conflict the new Lottery Hoedown has brought to the war torn nation, the Iraqi people will find the Hoedown a great spectacle and a wonderful diversion from the daily nothingness that most Iraqi’s experience.”


Country-wide celebrations are expected to ensue with street parties, rifle shooting and firework displays. UN weapons inspectors expect the Iraqis will detonate all their hidden WMD in the celebrating, which should prove once and for all that the weapons were there


The lottery Ingatbola88 jackpot is said to be an estimated $25,000 which isn’t spectacular but in Iraq it will buy you enough munitions to kill half the population of a big city. Or enough donkeys to start a lucrative farming business. Or enough girls to start a… Well, the winner can spend it on whatever they want.




The wonderful thing about online gambling is that even if you don’t know the terms there is nothing to be embarrassed from because it’s only you and the computer (and the people in the chat room, but you’ll probably never meet them anyway). However, knowing the terms can make the game easier to follow and more enjoyable.

Blackout – A pattern where you must cover the whole card to win. Also called coverall.

Bingo booklets – A specific number of different colored bingo sheets all containing the same number of faces (ON’s) bound together to be played one for each game at a bingo session. They are arranged in the order in which they will be played.

Caller – The person (or machine) who calls out the bingo numbers.

Card – Your playing card, of course!

Chat room – A screen displayed alongside your game where you can type in messages to other players and read their responses.

Colors The color of each sheet in your bingo book.

Cut – The direction in which a sheet of faces will be cut from the master sheet. (Square, horizontal, or vertical)

Face – Is the individual bingo sheet which include 24 numbers plus the free space in the middle

Early bird game – A bingo game that starts before another regularly scheduled game.

Free space – The middle square of the card. You get it free every game and it counts towards your winning pattern.

Game board -The display board over your cards that shows you the balls in play.

Game room – Some online games divide the players into game rooms. The smaller group makes a more manageable chat room.

Jackpot – A big prize usually awarded for achieving a difficult pattern (such as a blackout) within a specified number of balls.

Number of booklets per set The number of faces per page.

On – Refers to the number of bingo faces per sheet. A 6 ON would have 6 faces per sheet

Pattern You only need the numbers that form the pattern to win the game. The most basic patterns are straight lines in a horizontal, vertical or diagonal direction. One popular pattern is the “blackout” or “coverall” where you have to cover the whole card to win.

Series indicates the number of unique faces that a single set will contain. For example: a 9000 SERIES has 9000 unique faces

Set – 9000 bingo faces numbered in sequence and all one color

Up – Refers to number of sheets that are used to make your book. For example, 6 UP indicates that the book has 6 sheets of bingo pap








Professor of psychology at the University of Hertfordshire, Richard Wiseman, believes he’s discovered four principles of luck and knows how to help people improve their good fortune.

The idea that we can improve the chance of good things happening to us may seem difficult to swallow. After all, the word ‘luck’ describes events beyond our control – things that happen purely by chance. For instance, surely luck was a factor when British supermodel Kate Moss was ‘discovered’ at an airport when a talent scout happened to walk by and noticed her striking looks. In a similar vein, Sir Alexander Fleming only discovered penicillin when he left some laboratory bacteria uncovered and some mould fell into it which contained a substance that killed the bacteria.


Surely we can’t alter the random nature of Dominoqq events though – can we? No, probably not. Dr Wiseman’s research has involved him being with those who define themselves as either lucky or unlucky, and examining the reasons why. It’s really not such a strange idea – if you stop and think about it, you probably have an undeclared belief about just how lucky you are.


Maybe you are envious of a friend for whom everything seems to go right? Perhaps they have been lucky in their career and have progressed much faster than you – always managing to be in the right place at the right time. Maybe they met their ideal partner by accident and to cap it all, they always seem to be telling you about the most amazing things that have happened to them.


Or perhaps you know somebody for whom nothing good ever seems to happen? They don’t just have accidents – they are a walking disaster area. Their relationships are mess and their career is in the doldrums. If anyone needs a bit of luck it is them, but each week just seems to bring more bad news. Tracy Hart lives in Hertfordshire and she was one of the unlucky ones. For example, on the last day of a recent holiday she was playing with her daughter and fell down a pothole hitting her head against a wall.Thinking she hadn’t done too much damage she drove 200 miles home, but later that evening she collapsed hitting her head again and suffering concussion.


A doctor gave her medication and told her to eat three times a day while taking it. The following day she cracked her tooth and couldn’t eat for the pain – nor could she have the tooth fixed because of the medication she had been taking! “This is the way my whole life used to go, even affecting people around me,” says Tracy.”One year around Christmas, my best friend suddenly died from Hodgkin’s disease and my cat was run over by a lorry. On New Year’s Eve, I was thinking that nothing else could go wrong in the year because there was only one day left, but I received a phone call to say that my cousin had died unexpectedly from a blood clot.”


Now however, Tracy’s luck has changed. She was a participant in Dr Wiseman’s Luck School through which she learned the principles of luck and began to apply them: noticing opportunities and doing something about them; developing an ability to listen to your intuition and make successful decisions; seeing good luck in bad and not dwelling on setbacks; setting goals and expecting them to happen.


“I have convinced myself that I can succeed,” says Tracy. “Looking on the bright side has made me feel better about things. A woman almost hit me recently when I was out in my car – instead of thinking of it as a potential disaster,! moved on and thought ‘That was lucky!’ I now take control of my problems instead of blaming everything on bad luck. For example, my house was falling apart so I rang my housing officer but she didn’t return my calls. I thought about the huge benefits I’d reap if I overcame the problem, so I called the head office and spoke to the director’s PA, who complained to the housing officer for me and that galvanised her into action. I’ve waited three and a half years for this, but now they are finally renovating the building and doing up the garden – all because I now think of myself as lucky. In fact it’s even improved the number of times I win at Bingo!”.





Keluaran Sgp

Top Tips for Keluaran Sgp Craps Success



Craps can seem like an impenetrable proposition for an outsider, but once you’ve become comfortable with the mechanics of the game after signing up with your Unibet bonus there are a few things you can do to improve your chances of success. While many articles will outline a dozen different methods for beating the game, our strategy piece will focus on three of the most important considerations you need to make.



Bet Sensibly: It’s as applicable to craps as it is roulette, blackjack, slot machines or poker, but there’s no denying its place in a solid overall strategy. Craps can be an unpredictable game with multiple twists of fate at any point. For this reason you need to have a solid bankroll behind you. Indeed, if you want to avoid going broke and, moreover, implement a winningstrategy you need to have enough money to play with. If you’re playing a conservative strategy then it’s wise to have at least 50 bets on you if you want to play without any fear.



Beware Buy Bets: Buy bets may look attractive as they allow you to place wagers on specific numbers; however, this options comes at a premium. Because the casino is essentially allowing you to make a bet that’s not in their favour they will charge you a commission each time you win. Thus, while they odds of the situation might be too good to turn down, the commission you’ll be forced to pay will eat into your overall profits.



Be Odd: Odds bets (bets made behind the pass line) aren’t the most obvious on the table but they can be the most lucrative. When combined with pass line bets, odds bets give you the ability to cover all but three possible totals. To place an odds bet you must put chips equal to twice your pass line wager behind the pass line. When a point is established you’ll win a return on your investment.


Gambling Bonuses


You may be a novice player or any regular player at online casino; you have to select one from the list of gambling bonuses provided by online casinos over the internet. Check out some of the popular bonuses that you can find at the online websites as follows.


Welcome bonus: Every player playing at the online casino will receive the first bonus that is welcome bonus. Welcome bonus can be found as matching bonus, no deposit bonus and even as high roller bonus.


Match bonus: The same percentage of deposit amount will be given as matching bonus. Some casinos offer 25%, while offer 50% to about 400% matching bonus too.


High roller bonus: The casinos offer high roller bonus to players, these are actually large amount of money to attract the players to play at their online casino. You can see that high roller bonus starts from about $1000 and range depending on the casinos. Generally, 50% of your first deposit will be considered as the high roller bonus.


No deposit bonus: The Keluaran Sgp players playing for the first time can be benefited with the no deposit bonuses. Here, the players need not invest any of their amount, they simply can cash out their winning amount after meeting with the requirements of the online casino.


Reload bonus or ongoing bonus: You can gain this kind of bonus when you are regular player. There is a stipulation with these bonuses as you can make the deposits only in the way preferred by the online casinos. In addition, there is actually a limited amount that you can collect in a given month. The caps vary from one online casino to another; usually they depend upon the percentage amount and the payment method mentioned by the online casino.



Togel Online




European settlers brought the idea of lotteries to the New World. While the Spanish lottery served as an example for many lotteries in Southern and Central America, lotteries in the North were an immediate outgrowth of English lotteries.


In fact, tickets of the English state lotteries were sold in the colonies. The 1740ies saw a wave of public lotteries in England to finance participation in the war of the Austrian succession. In this context, New York authorized its first public lottery in 1746 to finance fortification of the city. This first lottery was not overly successful. The drawing had to be postponed due to sluggish sales, and even then the treasury ended up buying the remaining tickets. Nevertheless, there was a second lottery at the end of the same year, this time to raise money for founding a college. Several more lotteries were necessary over the following decade to provide sufficient funding for King’s College (Columbia). The success of the French in the French and Indian war prompted two lotteries in 1756: one to purchase firearms for people who could not afford them (Citizens had been ordered to arm themselves.), and another one to build a jail for prisoners of war. In 1758, a lottery was held to help the city of Albany repay its wartime debts. In 1761, construction of a lighthouse at Sandy Hook was financed by a lottery, since raising taxes seemed inadvisable, given the heavy burden resulting from the war. The same year a lottery was held to repair New York’s city hall.


In 1763, there was a lottery to provide funds for subsidizing the cultivation of hemp, exports of which were hoped to reduce the trade deficit with England. These public lotteries were organized along the following lines. People who were interested in organizing a lottery for a particular public purpose petitioned the legislature, which would then pass a bill containing the full details concerning the lottery, such as method of drawing, names of managers, number of tickets, prizes, etc. After authorization had been granted, daily advertisements were placed in a local newspaper, and the tickets were sold by the managers personally. The money to be raised for the particular public purpose was obtained by explicitly deducting a certain percentage (usually 15 or 12.5 percent) from the prizes. In addition to their own public lotteries, New Yorkers could buy tickets for out-of-state and private lotteries. The wave of public lotteries seems to have spurred private competition.


The legislature responded with ever stricter laws against private lotteries. Already, in 1721, New York had followed suit when England passed a law against private lotteries. In 1747, the fine for private lotteries was set to double the amount of the lottery, one half of which had to be paid to the person who brought suit and the other half to the government. In 1759, an act was passed imposing a fine on the sale of tickets for private lotteries from other colonies, and, in 1772, another act was passed against the custom of disposing of property by means of a lottery. The year 1774 saw still another act instructing prosecutors to press charges and impose additional penalties for participation in private lotteries. During the revolution, two lotteries were held: one in 1780 to finance the purchase of fire buckets for the city, and the second in 1781 for the benefit of needy refugees.


The first lottery-related act after the revolution was aimed at suppressing private lotteries. It iterated the penalties of the law of 1774 but pardoned all offenses that had been committed after 1776. In 1790, a first lottery was authorized to repair the city hall of New York which was intended as the seat of Congress. Five years later, a lottery was held to benefit the poor, and, in 1797, one was authorized to improve certain roads. The beginning of the 19th century saw a wave of public lotteries: a series of lotteries to improve navigation of the Hudson river, four lotteries for the encouragement of literature, the Black River lottery for building a road along this river, a lottery to finance construction of the state capitol, and a series of lotteries for the endowment of Union College. Organizing lotteries had become big business. Managers were required to give bonds to guarantee subsequent payment of prizes but also received commissions ranging from 10 to 15 percent of the amount raised. They no longer sold tickets personally but tended to sell them in bulk to lottery offices. Those lottery offices were a lucrative business. They not only sold tickets at a considerable margin but also offered lottery insurance and let out tickets. Letting out of tickets was possible because drawings lasted for several days, so one could rent a ticket by the day at a fraction of the cost of buying it. Much more important was lottery insurance, which was basically side betting on whether official tickets would obtain a prize or turn out blank. An act was passed in 1807 against lottery insurance and amended in 1809 to cover private lotteries as well. The year 1810 saw the first failure of a lottery manager, which resulted in the state paying prizes at a loss of over 40,000 dollars. Despite these first mishaps there were new lotteries. To promote medical science, a lottery was authorized to provide money for the purchase of a formerly private botanic garden.


Further lotteries were authorized for improving navigation of the Hudson, as well as for educational purposes and road building. With the rising number and volume of lotteries, opposition to them grew. A new law against private lotteries and lottery insurance was passed in 1813.


Nevertheless, there were more Togel Online lotteries to raise funds for Union College, and older lotteries were still running. After the proprietor of a lottery office, Charles N. Baldwin, accused a manager of the Medical Science lottery of fraud, and was found to be correct, the state assembly ordered an investigation. As a result of this investigation, an act was passed in 1819 which specified detailed regulations regarding lotteries.


The state constitution of 1820 stated that the legislature should not authorize lotteries. In disregard of this, two more lotteries were authorized: one in 1820 to allow the city of Albany to dispose of public land, and the other in 1823 to build a fever hospital in New York. In 1822, acts were passed to facilitate drawings of lotteries, in order to bring the still ongoing ones to an end, and to turn over control of the lotteries to the institutions in whose favor they had been granted. In 1826, a last act was passed raising the penalties for the sale of unauthorized tickets and the forging of tickets. In the meantime, the agents Yates and McIntyre had been charged with the management of all remaining lotteries.


In 1832-33 accusations grew that these agents had sold more tickets than authorized. A settlement between them and the legislature was reached in1833, by which all lotteries had to cease on December 31, 1833.


Online Casino

Online Casino Soccer – It’s Types,Tips and Top Site to place Bet



Soccer is one among the popular sports of the world. Some countries consider it as the most beloved sport too. However, United States is an exception as baseball, basketball and American football are popular over there. As many people love watching and playing soccer, you can see almost all sportsbooks providing bets on all matches. Soccer betting is actually difficult as there are many competitors as well as good bettors over here.



Basics and types of soccer bets



Players who want to succeed in the soccer betting must study about the players, teams, conditions, injuries, coaches, streaks and other things. To be specific, they must have complete knowledge about all the elements of soccer betting.

There are numerous types of soccer bets, each sportsbook will offer different bets. In article we shall have a look at the three most popular and common soccer bets, take a look at the following.


Prop bet: This kind of bet has come to knowledge by a specific sportsbook. Generally, these are moneyline bets and include the number of points a player can score to the goal made by sme player.


Over bet or under bet: This bet is placed on the total points that both the teams can score in a match. The actual score is compared with the expected score and then announced whether it i over bet or under bet.


Moneyline bet: This is a direct bet on the result of the match.


Online Casino Tips and strategies of soccer betting


Soccer betting is actually challenging. There are many things that a bettor has to consider. The teams, players, age, injuries and all these things are actually responsible for the outcome of the game along with the number of points and goals. To become successful, you should read a lot about the popular players at present as well as the upcoming top players.


Researching well about the matches as well as parties shall also help you in making quick decisions. Managing bankroll is also equally important at betting. Plan out the limits to invest on the wager and then stick to the best possible approach. To have more information, you can browse over the internet about any aspect of soccer betting, this is an easy and beneficial way.



Top 3 apps for soccer betting



Soccer scores pro- Fotmob

Live score


Top 3 websites


Bet Fair

Pinnacle sports





Toto HK

Video Toto HK Poker Variants



Many respectable online casinos have made available many variants of Video Poker. These variants give the player more challenges and exciting game play that makes Video Poker the great game it is.


All the variants below allow for the double-up option.


Aces and Faces

This format of Video Poker uses no wild cards and uses one 52 card deck and rewards high payouts for poker hands with 4 aces or 4 of the same type face cards. The minimum hand that starts paying out is from a pair of Jacks.


Tens or Better

This format uses no wild cards and uses one 52 card deck. The minimum hand that starts paying out is from a pair of Tens.


Deuces and Joker

This online video poker variant uses a 53 card deck. It uses 5 wildcards, 4 being deuces and 1 being the joker card. The minimum hand that starts paying out is from 3 of a kind.


Louisiana Double

This version of the video poker game uses a 53 card deck. The extra card is the double card. The minimum hand that starts paying out is from a pair of Jacks.


Jacks or Better

This is the standard online video poker game. It plays with one 52 card deck and it starts paying out from a pair of Jacks or better.


Double Joker

Double Joker video poker uses one 54 card deck. The extra cards are 2 Jokers which are used as wildcards. Payout starts from 2 pairs and above.


Deuces Wild

In this version of video poker the standard 52 card deck is used, but the 4 deuces are considered wildcards in this game. The minimum payout starts with hands of 3 of a kind or higher.



This version of the video poker game uses a 53 card deck. The extra card is a Joker wildcard. The minimum hand that starts paying out is from a pair of Kings.


Each of the above versions of online Toto HK video poker are also available in a format called Power Poker. Power Poker uses the same rules as other normal Video Poker games, with one exception being that a player can play up to 4 hands at once. The cards the player chooses to keep are kept in the second to fourth hands as well. For example, if in the players first hand he keeps the King of Hearts and the Ace of Hearts, the second to fourth hands will also contain the King of Hearts and the Ace of Hearts. When he decides to replace the discarded cards, each hand is replaced with cards from a separate deck.